Coronary Artery Diseases
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type. A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and get better with rest. Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present. The first sign is occasionally a heart attack. Other complications include heart failure or an irregular heartbeat.
Coronary Artery Disease Develop
From a young age, plaque can start to go into your blood vessel walls. As you get older, the plaque builds up. That inflames the walls and raises the risk of blood clots and heart attacks.
The plaque makes the inner walls of your blood vessels sticky. Then, other things, like inflammatory cells, lipoproteins, and calcium, travel in your bloodstream and mix with the plaque.
As more of these inflammatory cells join in, along with cholesterol, the plaque increases, both pushing the artery walls outward and growing inward. That makes the vessels narrower.
Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease
Indigestion or Heartburn.
Nausea, sweating, fatigue, or shortness of breath.
Shortness of breath
Palpitations (irregular heartbeats, skipped beats, or a "flip-flop" feeling in your chest)
A faster heartbeat
Weakness or dizziness
Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosed
A physical examination.
Diagnostic tests, including an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG).
Exercise stress tests
Electron beam (ultrafast) CT scans
Coronary Artery Disease Treated
Lifestyle changes: If you smoke, quit. Avoid processed foods and adopt a low-trans-fat, low-salt, and low-sugar diet, blood sugar in control, exercise regularly .
Medications: Medications may be needed If Patient been diagnosed with coronary artery disease, probably be on aspirin and a statin.
Surgery and other procedures
Coronary artery bypass surgery
What to Do if You Have a Coronary Emergency
If someone has chest pain, especially if there are also things like shortness of breath, heart palpitations, dizziness, a fast heartbeat, nausea, or sweating.Take nitroglycerin two doses (at 5-minute intervals) or after 15 minutes for chest pain or to chew an aspirin to help break up a possible blood clot.