Heart attack/Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it is in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired. Women more likely than men. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat (including serious types), cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest.

Risk Factors

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Dr Monil Kadian, Best Medicine Specialist in Delhi Gurgaon India, Best Doctor for heart problems in Delhi Gurgaon India, Best Cardiologist for Post heart Surgery patient, Best Cardiologist in Gurgaon, Cardiologist at GNH Hospital Gurgaon Men more than women untill menopause

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Sign/Symptoms

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Dr Monil Kadian, Best Medicine Specialist in Delhi Gurgaon India, Best Doctor for heart problems in Delhi Gurgaon India, Best Cardiologist for Post heart Surgery patient, Best Cardiologist in Gurgaon, Cardiologist at GNH Hospital Gurgaon Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
Dr Monil Kadian, Best Medicine Specialist in Delhi Gurgaon India, Best Doctor for heart problems in Delhi Gurgaon India, Best Cardiologist for Post heart Surgery patient, Best Cardiologist in Gurgaon, Cardiologist at GNH Hospital Gurgaon Rapid or irregular heartbeats Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone

Test

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Treatments for a heart attack

Once heart attack is diagnosed, treatment begins immediately -- possibly in the ambulance or emergency room. Drugs and surgical procedures are used to treat a heart attack.

Drugs used during a heart attack may include:

Aspirin to prevent blood clotting that may worsen the heart attack
Other antiplatelets, such as Brilinta, Effient, or Plavix, to prevent blood clotting
Thrombolytic therapy ("clot busters") to dissolve any blood clots in the heart's arteries
Any combination of the above

Other Treatment Options for a Heart Attack

During or shortly after a heart attack, you may go to the cardiac cath lab for direct evaluation of the status of your heart, arteries, and the amount of heart damage. In some cases, procedures (such as angioplasty , stents or open heart surgery  ) are used to open up your narrowed or blocked arteries

Future Heart Attacks Prevented

The goal after your heart attack is to keep your heart healthy and reduce your risks of having another heart attack. Your best bet to ward off future attacks are to take your medications, change your lifestyle, and see you doctor for regular heart checkups.

Drugs are prescribed after a heart attack to:

Prevent future blood clots
Lessen the work of your heart and improve your heart's performance and recovery
Prevent plaques by lowering cholesterol
Other drugs may be prescribed if needed. These include medications to treat irregular heartbeats, lower blood pressure, control angina, and treat heart failure.

Lifestyle Changes

There is no cure for coronary artery disease. In order to prevent the progression of heart disease and another heart attack, you must follow doctor's advice and make necessary lifestyle changes -- quitting smoking, lowering your blood cholesterol, controlling your diabetes and high blood pressure, following an exercise plan, maintaining an ideal body weight, and controlling stress.

 

 

Echocardiography

One of the best and low cost test to check the health of your heart. Using a colour doppler the cardiologist is able to see the blood flow from and to the heart   read more

Treadmill Test (TMT)

One of the basic test to see how your heart functions when you are working hard is the TMT Test in which you walk on the treadmill and ECG readings of your heart are taken..   read more

Holter Monitoring

If your heart skips a beat this can be an indicator of heart disease. In this test we measure the ECG for 24 hours by putting a device around your chest...   read more

Angioplasty

When the coronary arteries get blocked due to fat deposits the blood flow to the heart gets reduced which is opened by putting stents in the arteries...   read more

AVR MVR

Valvular heart disease is a form of heart disease that occurs when one or more of the heart’s four valves don’t function properly....  read more

ASD VSD Closure

ASD VSD is a hole in the wall separating the two chambers of the heart. In normal development, the wall between the chambers closes before the fetus is born...   read more

Dr Jagmeet S Soin

Dr Soin is one of the most experienced cardiologist in India having done his Post Graduation in Nuclear Medicine from John Hopkins USA...  read more

Dr Monil Kadian

Dr Kadian is a Fellow in Cardiology from the reputed John Hopkins University in United States...  read more

Dr Suresh V Sharma

Dr Suresh is one of the most experienced physician cum cardiologist with more than 45 years of experience...   read more

 

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